There are lots of accounting certifications out there that can be used to enhance your career, achieve promotions, and get pay raises. But which one is the best?
And does it make sense to get more than one?
Each of the accounting designations are slightly different and have various career focuses. Some of these might be
the right fit for you while others won’t, depending on what you want want for your career. It can also be advantageous to have more than one of these credentials.
Top Certifications in Accounting
The most popular accounting certifications & licenses include:
- Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
- Certified Financial Analyst (CFA®)
- Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
- Enrolled Agent (EA)
- Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)
- Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
- Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA)
Let’s check out some of the most popular of these accounting certifications to see which one would be the best for you and your career goals!
I’ll start with a quick overview of all the main certifications and point of a few of their differences. Take a look at my chart with the examination requirements and qualifications needed for the most popular certifications before we jump into the details.
Comparison Chart Of The Top 5 Accounting Certifications
Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
The Certified Public Accountant credential is the oldest and most well known accounting designation in the profession. You can think of the CPA as the gold standard since everyone knows what it is and it earns great respect. This is due to the designations unique capabilities.
No other certifications have the ability to write audit reports or give opinions on publicly traded company financials. Only CPAs are licensed by state governments to perform these duties. CPAs also sign tax returns as paid preparers and represent clients in front of the IRS.
CPAs can really do it all and the title is considered one of the more general certifications in the field. CPAs can do all of the same tasks and jobs that other certifications can do, but CPAs don’t go as specific as the other certifications.
In order to become a CPA, you must take and pass all four parts of the infamous AICPA uniform CPA exam. You will also need to meet the education and work experience requirements of your state.
Career outlook for CPAs is as high as usual. Currently employment is expected to grow 7% in the next 10 years for CPAs. More experienced CPAs can move on from working as accountants to financial managers or top executives as they gain more experience. Job security will remain high regardless of what path they go down due to increasing need for public accountants.
CPAs tend to make around $70k a year according to Payscale. More experienced workers can end up with higher salaries of around $116k a year if they work in the industry long enough.
Currently the 4 most popular employers for CPAs are KPMG, Ernst &Young, RSM McGladrey Incorporated, and CliftonLarsonAllen. Each of these companies pays their CPAs very well for the area they live in and has a high job satisfaction rate among employees.
Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA®)
This designation is intended for those that want a career in the finance and investment world. Most CFA®s are finance professionals working on Wall Street or for a hedge fund/investment fund, but the certification has responsibilities beyond company management.
Although the CFA® is not as popular as the CPA in the United States, it is one of the most internationally known accounting designations. In Europe and China this designation is much more popular. It helps train people to think analytically about finance, investing, and how businesses operate. This makes CFA®s great controllers and CFOs.
To become a CFA®, you must pass the CFA® exam that is administered by the CFA® Institute. The exam process is much longer than the CPA exam because it is only tested one to two times each year depending on the level you are sitting for. The total exam time is also longer and costs more than the CPA exam.
If you are looking to get into the world of finance and investing, this is a good certification for you. If you want to do tax preparation or auditing, you’d be better off as a CPA.
Employment growth for CFAs currently matches the national average. That means the job outlook is expected to increase by 6% by the end of 2030. This growth is mainly due to the growing range of financial products. CFAs typically find initial work as portfolio managers before moving on to a position as fund manager or even a CFO.
CFAs can expect to make around $97k as an annual salary. Those who’ve been in the business for a longer time can end up making over $120k if they leverage their experience well.
You may want to look into some of the more popular companies when looking for work as a CFA. Currently JP Morgan, Bloomberg, Ernst & Young, and Bank of America are the highest rated employers for CFAs in the United States.
Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
Specializing in company accounting management, the CMA designations is a unique title that does not really overlap with the CPA. CMA candidates are great for internal management and executive level roles in companies, like COO or CFO.
Although this certification is not great for public accounting, it is ideal for management. It doesn’t train or certify you to perform audit procedures, write reports, or do any type of tax work. It’s strictly focused on management. For example, if you wanted to become an executive level officer in a Fortune 500 company, the CMA certification would be the one for you to get.
The exam you are required to pass to become a CMA is about half the size of the CPA exam and is administered by the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA). There are also specific and strict requirements to sit for the exam. This includes a bachelor’s degree with proper amounts of educational credits in specific subjects. You will also need to meet the two years of work experience requirement in order to be certified.
Employment growth for CMAs is expected to be 7% in the next 10 years, just like with CPAs. This is due to the amount of overlap between the 2 certifications. CMAs will typically find work as a junior accountant before moving on to a management accounting position
According to Payscale, CMAs typically make an average of $95k each year. Of course, you can increase your annual pay to as high as $150k if you have the right combination of education and work experience.
I recommend trying to find work at Cummins Inc, Eaton, Amazon, or Magna International as they’re currently the most popular employers for CMAs in the United States. Make sure to research them before you apply though, since each one has something unique they offer their employees.
Enrolled Agent (EA)
Created by the IRS, the enrolled agent certification is used to demonstrate one’s knowledge of the US tax code and the ability to apply its concepts. Since the EA designation is specifically focused on US taxation of all entity types (both individuals and corporations), this designation does not educate you on any finance, auditing, management, or other business topics. It’s strictly a tax certification. If you have this, you know taxes.
If your career goal is in either tax preparation or internal tax work for a company, this would be a good credential to go after. One thing to know is that all public accounting firms will want you to have your CPA over your EA, so if that’s your goal you should start with the CPA.
Enrolled agents do have several responsibilities that CPAs can do as well, such as signing tax returns as paid preparers and representing clients in front of the IRS. This makes the EA designation somewhat useful in public accounting, but most states have additional laws for public firms that restrict ownership and authority to CPAs.
If you want to be a tax professional who doesn’t want to deal with all the education and experience requirements for the CPA exam, the EA designation is meant for you. It allows them to have many of the same rights as CPAs without the certification. To become an EA, you will have to take the enrolled agent exam administered by the IRS. The exam consists of three parts and is 12 hours long.
Job outlook for Enrolled Agents is much lower than the national average. However, those who choose to earn this certification will likely find work as a tax manager or examiner. These can be a stable career path you can use to build up experience.
Enrolled Agents don’t make quite as much money as other certification. Payscale reports that EAs make an average of $52k annually. However, that can increase to almost $80k if you stick with the career long enough.
Right now the most popular employers for EAs are H&R Block, Jackson Hewitt Tax Services, and Intuit. Your work will be fairly similar in each company so I recommend trying for whichever one you like best.
Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)
This designation is strictly for compliance officers and auditors. A CIA typically works for a larger company performing audit procedures and helping independent auditors. On order to gain this certification, you must complete the three sections of the CIA exam totaling 6.5 hours of testing. If you are looking for a career in auditing, the CIA certification is for you.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that careers for CIAs are expected to grow at the national average of 6% in the next 10 years. Most CIAs will likely start out as entry level auditors before moving on to audit managers or supervisors once they’ve built up years of experience.
CIAs make a great deal of money, which is likely due to the difficulty of their work. The current average annual pay for a CIA is $90k. That can increase to as much as $137k as an Internal Audit Director.
When looking for work make sure to check out Citibank, JCPenney, Ernst & Young, and JP Morgan. Payscale reports them as the 4 most popular employers for Certified Internal Auditors.
Which Accounting Certification is the Easiest to Get?
All of these certifications are difficult to obtain, because they all of them have lengthy exams and qualifications that must be met in order to become certified.
The certification with the shortest exam and least amount of requirements is the CIA designation. Keep in mind though, this is also the most limited accounting credential.
Which Accounting Certification is the Hardest to Get?
There is no easy answer to this questions because there is still a great debate over which accounting certification is the most difficult. I think it is tied between the CPA and CFA® because both have strict requirements to sit of the exam. Not to mention that both exams are extremely difficult with low average passing rates.
But, since these certifications are known to be difficult to get, they are the most respected and most useful credentials on the list.
Should I Get Two Accounting Certifications?
Many accounting professionals ask themselves this questions, and the answer honestly depends on your career path and your specialization. For example, if you have your CPA license and you want to get into finance and investing more, a CFA® designation is a logical choice. You don’t need it, but it will help your career.
I would suggest just getting your CPA license license if you are not looking to specialize in any particular area. This is the most recognized and useful accounting certification.
Should I Get an MBA and an Accounting Certification?
Again, adding an MBA to your credentials depends on your career path and where you want to be in the future. An MBA will help you attain higher management roles in corporate America, but it will also cost you a lot of money.
Most states require at least 150 credit hours to obtain your CPA license, so it does make sense get an MBA to fulfill those extra hours. If you are lucky and your employer will help pay for your graduate tuition, you should definitely get your MBA. The CPA-MBA combo is pretty much an unstoppable combination.
Which Certification is Best for Accountants?
You’ve probably figured out the answer to this for yourself, but there isn’t a overall best accounting certification. They are all good for different things and you should go for the certification that is most in line with your career goals.
If you are unsure of your exact career goals within accounting, the CPA credential is by far the most respected and most widely used certification. So if you care going to go for just one, I would recommend getting your CPA license
Once you’ve made up your mind, it’s time to start studying! Check out my top CPA review courses that can help you pass your exam and achieve your career goals.
Is CFA better than MBA?
This largely comes down to what your career goals are. Earning your MBA is expensive and takes time but it applies to more positions overall. On the other hand, a CFA designation takes less time but requires you to pass 3 difficult exams. Plus, your credentials will be much more specialized overall.
Is CFA harder than CPA?
The CPA exam is generally considered to be harder than the CFA exam. This is mainly because of the low pass rates for the CPA exam as well as it being split into 4 different exams. Of course, the CFA exam is difficult too but pass rates are slightly higher and it only consists of 3 tests.
How long does it take to become an enrolled agent?
As with other certifications, this depends on how much time you intend to study for each test. It’s generally recommended that you spend at least 1 month studying for each of the 3 exams. However, you’ll most likely need more time than that to prepare for your certification.
Is an enrolled agent better than a CPA?
It depends on what type of job you’re interested in. CPAs have a much more flexible skill-set that can be applied to many different positions. By contrast, EAs focus almost entirely on managing tax arrangements for businesses and private entities.
Is CIA easier than CPA?
Generally speaking, the CPA exam is considered the more difficult test. It’s split into 4 parts and the time limit to complete each exam before the scores expire is fairly strict. The CIA exam isn’t easy by any means but it’s much more focused on a few key areas and only consists of 3 exam parts.
Which is the hardest part of CIA exam?
People usually consider part 3 of the CIA exam to be the most difficult. This is because it focuses on more specialized topics such as financial management and informational security. These topics are in contrast to the more general knowledge tested on parts 1 and 2 of the CIA exam.
Bryce Welker is a regular contributor to Forbes, Inc.com, YEC and Business Insider. After graduating from San Diego State University he went on to earn his Certified Public Accountant license and created CrushTheCPAexam.com to share his knowledge and experience to help other accountants become CPAs too. Bryce was named one of Accounting Today’s “Accountants To Watch” among other accolades. As Seen On Forbes