CPA vs CA (Chartered Xisaabiyaha): Waa kuwee waa ka wanaagsan in aad loogu talagalay?

CPA vs CA (Chartered Xisaabiyaha): Waa kuwee waa ka wanaagsan in aad loogu talagalay?

Updated:July 18, 2018
Bryce Welker, CPA

CPA vs. CA

Waa kuwee waa ka fiican? Waa kuwee naqshada caawin doonaa mustaqbalkiisa? Marka la go'aaminayo doorashadaada xirfadda in xisaabaad, aad waxaa laga yaabaa in dhibaato ah inta u dhaxaysa CPA ama CA dooran.

Su'aasha muhiimka ah in baxaysaa waxay tahay haddii CPA faa'iido aad waddada xirfadda ama CA? Ma jiro guusha cad sababtoo ah labada aqoon kaa caawin doontaa in ay koraan aad xirfado farsamo, xirfadaha xisaabaad iyo xirfadaha maamulka ganacsiga. Sidoo kale, Kooxda heysata CPA iyo CA u dabcaan iney la siman baahsan xisaabaadka ganacsiga iyo dadweynaha - sidaa isreebreebka kasta waxay bixisaa dabacsanaan ugu badnaan in ay ka shaqeeyaan guud ahaan warshadaha.

Aynu eegno waxa kasta oo lagu caddeyn kuwaas wuxu iyo farqi weyn oo u dhexeeya labada.

A Certified Public Accounting waa xirfadle qaba gudbay imtixaanka CPA ah siiyo by Machadka American ee Certified Public xisaabaadka (AICPA) iyo dhammaan shuruudaha waxbarashada iyo waayo-aragnimo shaqada la xidhiidha qaadashada imtixaanka oofiyey.

xirfadlayaasha Kuwanu waa khubarada Maraykanka GAAP, US canshuurta dakhliga ee dawladda dhexe, iyo dhowr meelood oo kale oo xisaabaadka Mareykanka iyo sharciga dhaqaale sida hanti dhowrka. Inkasta oo shahaado this la ixtiraamo oo adduunka ah, waa naqshada Maraykan ah oo caddeynaya in xirfadeed waa awoodda xisaabinta Maraykanka oo ay awoodaan in ay qabtaan hawlaha hanti dhawrka iyo canshuuraha in xirfadlayaasha kale looma ogola inay sameeyaan.

Waa maxay CA a?

A Chartered Xisaabiyaha (CA) waa qof xirfadle ah ayaa gudbay imtixaanka CA iyo waxbarashada loo baahan yahay in isaga ama iyada dalka shahaadada.

Chartered Xisaabiyaha

Waxaa jira ururo badan oo bixiya waxbarashada iyo imtixaanka CAS. A dhowr tusaale ka mid ah Institute of Chartered ee Scotland (ICAS), Institute of Chartered ee England iyo Wales (ICAEW), Institute of Chartered of India (Ichhai) iyo Machadka Canadian ah ee Chartered (CICA.)

Xisaabaadka Chartered ee Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico iyo Ireland heshiis is waydaarsiga la Maraykanka. Haddii ay u gudbin kartaa imtixaanka u dhiganta ah, waxay ka shaqayn kartaa in laga xoreeyo dalka ah. sida CPAs.

CAS waa khubaro ku IFRS iyo heerarka kale ee xisaabinta caalamiga ah. In kastoo ay leeyihiin waxaa laga yaabaa in si wanaagsan u guranayaan on US GAAP, ay sida aan loo tababaray in goobtan sida CPAs yihiin.

CPA vs CA: Jidka Career

Doorshadan CPA ayaa u bilaabmi doona wax badan oo ka mid ah fursadaha xirfadaha kuu. Ka dib markaad hesho shahaado CPA aad shaqayn karto hoos beeraha xisaabaadka kala duwan sida International Accounting, Gudaha & Baarista dibadda, La tashiga Services, Accounting Forensic, adeegyada Hubinta, Taxation & Qorshaynta Financial iwm. Iyada oo ay aqoonsi caalami ah, waxaad ka heli doontaa meesha ugu fiican in ay ka shaqeeyaan meel kasta oo dalal badan.

Sidoo kale, Qoondeeyey CA sidoo kale ku siin doonaa fursado badan ee meelaha gaarka ah ee Accounting sida Baarista, Taxation, Maaliyadda Corporate, Law Corporate. Ka dib markaad hesho Certification CA mid awooddo inaad shaqo ku jira shirkadaha sare ee Xisaabaadka ama waxa aad bilaabi kartaa xirfad madax banaan adiga ku gaar ah.

CPA vs CA: mushaaraadka

Labada CPAs iyo mushaaraadka CAS ku xiran tahay meesha aad ku juqraafi, horyaalka shaqo, oo sano oo khibrad ah. Sayidka, ay si wayn kala duwan.

Diiwaangeliyey Agent MUSHAHARKA

Mushaharka dhexdhexaadka for CPA ah in laga xoreeyo dalka ah. waa $62,410 iyo mushaarka dhexfurka waayo, CA ah U.K ah. waa £ 34.637 ($44,849 USD). Labada caddeyn leeyihiin mushahar dhaqdhaqaaqa intii ka weyn iyo mid kasta oo ka dhigi kara $150,000 ama in ka badan sannad kasta ku xiran tahay booska iyo heerka waayo-aragnimo.

CPA vs CA: Shuruudaha Time

Waa wax yar ka badan toos ah si ay u noqdaan CPA ah marka la eego shuruudaha waqti. Waa in aad ayaa dhameystirtay 150 saacadood credit undergraduate iyo waa in aad sidoo kale soo shaqeeyay dhowr ah oo la siin saacadaha iyada oo ay kormeerayaan si toos ah CPA ah. ka dibna aad leedahay 18 bilood in uu fadhiisan waayo oo dhan u gudbin afar qeybo ka mid ah imtixaanka CPA ah. Sidaas, waxa uu dhici karaa oo ku saabsan 8 1/2 sano inuu noqdo CPA ah (shan sano oo shaqo undergraduate, labadii sano ee shaqada iyo 18 bilood in ay gudbaan imtixaanka CPA ah).

shuruudaha waqti EA

Mudo intee leeg ayay qaadataa si ay u noqdaan CA ah ku xiran tahay waxa dalka aad qorshaynayso in ay ku dhaqmaan in iyo heerka waxbarasho iyo waayo-aragnimo xirfadeed aad. Tusaale ahaan, ICAS uu leeyahay afar doorasho:

  1. wadada entry Direct dugsiga-Codsedeyaalka, taas oo u baahan shan sannadood oo tababar la-shaqeeye ICAS-ansixiyey;
  2. wadada entry Graduate for qalin-jabiyayaasha jaamacadaha, taas oo u baahan saddex sano oo tababar la-shaqeeye ICAS-ansixiyey;
  3. wadada entry Professional ee xirfadlayaasha la kulmay maaliyadda waa for xirfadlayaasha aasaasay leh shahaado jaamacadeed (si rasmi ah u aqoonsaday dhiganta a UK) ama shan sano oo waayo aragnimo shaqo ku habboon iyo
  4. wadada wadooyinka oo kuu ogolaanaya in xubno ka tirsan Institute Chartered The Maaliyadda Guud iyo Xisaabaadka (CIPFA) fursad ay xubin ka mid ah ICAS noqday iyo kasban naqshada CA.

Waxaa jira laba Wadiiqooyinka; mid cabiraya khibrad ku habboon oo kale ah, aqoonta ku ool ah. Labada wadooyinka u baahan yihiin toddoba sannadood oo waayo-aragnimo post-isreebreebka.

The ugu fiican "tufaax-to-tufaax" barbardhigo noqon lahaa Tubta CPA = ICAS #2.

CPA vs CA: Kharashka Certification iyo Shuruudaha

Sidee inta ay kukacayaan si aad u hesho liisanka CPA waa variable. Dhammaan dowlad-goboleedyada u baahan tahay in aad shaqaysato ugu yaraan shahaadada bachelor ah ee xisaabinta ama ganacsi la oo ay ku jiraan tiro ka mid ah koorsooyinka loo baahan yahay. Ku dhawaad ​​gobolada oo dhan waxay u baahan yihiin in aad shaqaysato ugu yaraan 150 saacadood credit sidoo. Sayidka, aad CPA waxbarasho u baahan tahay kala duwan ku xeran tahay haddii aad u eryan shahaadada Masterka ee si ay u helaan aad ee la soo dhaafay 25 saacadood credit college ama si fudud u qaataan fasalo dheeraad ah ee aad barnaamijka shahaadada undergraduate.

habka shahaado laftiisa ku kici doonaa oo ku saabsan $3,000 oo ay ku jiraan a Dabcan dib u eegis CPA habboon iyo lacagta imtixaanka. Ka dib markii aad noqotay imtixaanka, waxa kale oo aad u baahan doontaa in aad liisan ansax ah la sii credits waxbarashada sannad kasta. Kuwani waxay ku kala duwan yihiin qiimaha, laakiin inta badan ku kici u dhexeeya $50-$100 per credit saac. Gobolada intooda badan ku wareegsan u baahan 40 dhibcood sanadkii. Ha ka welwelin in kastoo. Haddii aad shaqo u hesho at shirkad xisaabaadka Dawladda, waxay bixinayaan wax aad waxbarashada sii wadaan.

Qiimaha for noqday CA waxay ku xiran tahay dalka aad ku nooshahay, aad waayo-aragnimo waxbarasho iyo shaqo iyo waxa ururka oo aad u codsaneysid in loo helo shahaadadaada.

Tusaale ahaan, haddii aad codsanayso in ICAS oo aad doorato Pathways #1 iyo #2 (toos galo dugsiga ama jaamacadda) ka dibna aad u shaqayso dabooli doonaa kharashka. Haddii aad doorato Pathway #3 (khibrad Professional), kharashka waa qiyaas ahaan £ 5,750 - £ 13,900. Tubta #4 (xubnaha CIPFA) kharashka waa £ 1.035 for Pathway ah Khabiirro xariirayo.

Waayo, Pathway Aqoon la taaban karo, kharashka waa: £ 596 qandaraas tababarka; £ 1.547 - £ 1.935 lacagta fasalka; £ 292 lacag imtixaanka iyo £ 495, waayo uruka shaqaalaha ee sannadlaha ah xubin ICAS / CIPFA. Haddii ay jiraan sii shuruudaha waxbarashada iyo licensing, waxay la go'aamin doonaa dalka aad ka shaqaynayaan.

Sidaas, Waa kuwee waa ka wanaagsan in aad loogu talagalay?

Haddii aad xiisaynayso in dibada laga shaqeeyo ama shirkad caalami, markaa waa in aad doorato CPA. Waxa aad war dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan baran kartaa koorsooyinka ugu fiican udiyaar CPA halkan. Haddii kale, haddii aad rabto in aad bilowdo adiga kuu gaar ah hubinta dhaqanka ee India, doorato CA. Intaa waxaa dheer, imtixaanka CA waa ka kharash yar marka loo eego ku baaritaan CPA ah.

Midkoodna mid ka mid ah caddeyn, kuwaas oo ka khayr badan oo kale oo ku. Waxay si fudud u kala duwan oo loo isticmaalo ujeeddooyin kala duwan yihiin. Waxaad filan kartaa in la sameeyo oo ku saabsan mushahar isku mid ah labada aqoonsiga la siiyey in goobta, shaqo, shirkadda, iyo waayo-aragnimada shaqo waa isku mid. run ahaantii waxa hoos si waxa aad rabto in aad sameyn lahayd iyo meesha aad rabto in ay ka shaqeeyaan.

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