CPA vs CA (Chartered Accountant): Uas yog zoo dua rau koj?

CPA vs CA (Chartered Accountant): Uas yog zoo dua rau koj?

Updated:Lub Xya hli ntuj 18, 2018
Bryce Welker, CPA

CPA vs. CA

Uas yog zoo dua? Uas los yuav pab koj cov hauj lwm? Thaum txiav txim siab rau koj xaiv ntawm profession nyob rau hauv accountancy, tej zaum koj yuav nyob rau hauv ib lub teeb meem rau xaiv ntawm CPA los yog CA.

Qhov tseem ceeb cov lus nug uas tshwm sim yog hais tias CPA pab koj cov hauj lwm txoj kev los yog CA? Muaj yog tsis muaj tseeb khiav vim hais tias ob qho tag nrho tsim nyog yuav pab tau kom loj hlob rau koj kev txawj, accountancy txawj thiab ua lag ua luam tswj kev txawj ntse. Tsis tas li ntawd, CPA thiab CA tuav tseg yuav tau sib npaug kis thoob plaws coj mus muag thiab pej xeem accounting - yog li txhua peev xwm muab nyiaj pab ntau tshaj yooj mus ua hauj lwm thoob plaws kev lag luam.

Cia wb mus saib dab tsi txhua tus ntawm cov lawm entail thiab lub loj sib txawv nruab nrab ntawm ob.

Ib tug Certified Public Accountant yog ib tug kws uas muaj dhau lub CPA kev kuaj mob muab los ntawm cov American koom haum ntawm lai xees suav nyiaj (AICPA) thiab muaj raws li tag nrho cov kev kawm ntawv thiab kev ua haujlwm uas yuav tsum tau txuam nrog kev noj cov tub ntxhais.

Cov tub txawg yog cov kws txawj nyob rau hauv US GAAP, US tsoom fwv teb chaws cov nyiaj khwv tau them se, thiab ob peb lwm qhov chaw ntawm US accounting thiab cov nyiaj txiag txoj cai xws li auditing. Txawm tias qhov no ntawv pov thawj yog respected nyob ib ncig ntawm lub ntiaj teb no, nws yog ib tug US los lees hais tias cov kev yog competent nyob rau hauv US accounting thiab muaj peev xwm ua tau auditing thiab taxation yam uas lwm cov tub txawg tsis tau tso cai rau ua.

Yuav ua li cas yog ib tug CA?

Ib tug Chartered Accountant (CA) yog ib tug kws uas twb dhau lub CA ntsuam xyuas thiab yuav tsum tau kev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv nws los yog nws lub teb chaws kev ua pov thawj.

Chartered Accountant

Muaj ntau ntau cov koom haum uas muab kev kawm ntawv thiab kev xeem rau CAS. Ib co piv txwv muaj xws li lub koom haum ntawm Chartered LAGLUAM ntawm Scotland (ICAS), lub koom haum ntawm Chartered LAGLUAM nyob rau hauv ces thiab Wales (ICAEW), Lub koom haum ntawm Chartered LAGLUAM ntawm Is Nrias teb (Ichhai) thiab lub Canadian lub koom haum ntawm Chartered LAGLUAM (CICA.)

Chartered LAGLUAM nyob rau hauv Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico thiab Ireland muaj ib tug them pauj daim ntawv cog lus nrog rau lub tebchaws United States. Yog hais tias lawv muaj peev xwm dhau ib Equivalency ntsuam xyuas, lawv yuav ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lub U.S. raws li CPAs.

Cas cov kws txawj nyob rau hauv IFRS thiab lwm yam thoob ntiaj teb accounting qauv. Tab sis tej zaum lawv yuav muaj ib tug zoo tseeb rau US GAAP, lawv yog cov tsis raws li kev kawm nyob rau hauv cov cheeb tsam no raws li CPAs yog.

CPA vs CA: Career kev

Lub CPA los yuav qhib tau ib tug ntau ntawm cov hauj lwm kev xaiv rau koj. Tom qab tau txais koj CPA ntawv pov thawj koj tau ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv ntau yam accounting teb xws li International Accounting, Internal & Sab nraud auditing, kev noj kev haus Services, Forensic accounting, Assurance cov kev pab cuam, taxation & Nyiaj txiag Planning thiab lwm yam. Nrog nws cov ntiaj teb no paub, koj yuav nrhiav tau qhov zoo tshaj plaws qhov chaw ua hauj lwm nyob qhov twg nyob rau hauv ntau lub teb chaws.

Ib yam li ntawd, CA los yuav tau muab koj ntau yam kev xaiv nyob rau hauv lub tshwj xeeb qhov chaw ntawm Accounting xws li auditing, taxation, Neeg cov nyiaj txiag, Neeg Txoj Cai. Tom qab tau txais koj CA Certification koj yuav ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv uas twb muaj lawm sab saum toj npe ntawm Accountancy los yog koj yuav pib koj tus kheej ywj siab kev xyaum.

CPA vs CA: Cov Nyiaj Hli

Ob CPAs thiab cas cov nyiaj hli nyob ntawm seb koj chaw nyob, txoj hauj lwm npe, thiab xyoo ntawm kev. Yog li, lawv sib txawv ruaj.

Kawm Ntawv Tus neeg saib xyuas Nyiaj Hli

Cov theem nrab cov nyiaj hli rau ib tug CPA nyob rau hauv lub U.S. yog $62,410 thiab theem nrab cov nyiaj hli rau ib tug CA nyob rau hauv lub U.K. yog £ 34.637 ($44,849 USD). Ob leeg lawm muaj loj nyiaj hli upward muaj thiab yuav txhua ua $150,000 los yog ntau tshaj txhua xyoo nyob rau ntawm txoj hauj lwm thiab theem ntawm kev.

CPA vs CA: Lub sij hawm yuav tsum muaj

Nws yog ib tug me ntsis ntau straightforward los ua ib tug CPA nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm lub sij hawm uas yuav tsum tau. Koj yuav tsum tau ua kom tiav 150 undergraduate credit sij hawm thiab koj yuav tsum tau muaj ua hauj lwm ib tug zauv ntawm cov sij hawm nyob rau hauv tib neeg saib xyuas ntawm ib tug CPA. Koj ces muaj 18 lub hlis mus rau zaum xeem dhau tag nrho cov plaub qhov chaw ntawm lub CPA kev kuaj mob. Yog li ntawd, nws yuav siv sij hawm txog 8 1/2 xyoo los ua ib tug CPA (tsib xyoo ntawm undergraduate ua hauj lwm, ob xyoo nyob rau hauv txoj hauj lwm thiab 18 lub hlis mus rau kis tau tus CPA kev kuaj mob).

EA lub sij hawm uas yuav tsum tau

Yuav ua li cas ntev nws yuav siv sij hawm los ua ib tug CA nyob rau lub teb chaws uas koj npaj mus xyaum nyob rau hauv thiab koj cov qib ntawm kev kawm ntawv thiab kev cob qha kev. Raws li ib qho piv txwv, lub ICAS muaj plaub xaiv:

  1. Direct nkag lawv lub tsev kawm ntawv-leavers, uas yuav tsum tau tsib xyoos ntawm txoj kev kawm nrog ib tug ICAS-pom zoo ua hauj lwm;
  2. Kawm tiav nkag txoj kev tsev kawm ntawv kawm tiav, uas yuav tsum tau peb xyoos ntawm txoj kev kawm nrog ib tug ICAS-pom zoo ua hauj lwm;
  3. Kev nkag teb chaws txoj kev ua neej nyob dhau nyiaj txiag cov tub txawg yog rau tsim cov tub txawg uas muaj lub tsev kawm ntawv degree (kev lig kev cai pom zoo raws li ib tug UK sib npaug) los yog tsib lub xyoos ntawm cov kev ua hauj lwm kev kawm txawj thiab
  4. Lub txoj txoj kev uas tso cai rau cov neeg ntawm lub Chartered lub koom haum ntawm Public Nyiaj txiag thiab kev Accountancy (CIPFA) lub sij hawm rau los ua ib tug tswv cuab ntawm ICAS thiab khwv tau CA los.

Muaj ob txoj; ib tug ntsuas cov kev txawj ntse thiab lwm yam, tswv yim txawj. Ob leeg txoj yuav tsum tau xya xyoo ntawm post-peev xwm kev.

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws "apples-rau-apples" kev sib piv yuav CPA = ICAS Pathway #2.

CPA vs CA: Certification nqi thiab yuav tsum muaj

Yuav ua li cas npaum li cas nws cov nqi yuav tau txais koj daim ntawv tso cai CPA yog nce mus nce los. Tag nrho lub xeev yuav tsum tau hais tias koj khwv tau ib tug tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm ib tug bachelor degree nyob rau hauv accounting los yog ua lag ua luam nrog xws li ib tug xov tooj uas yuav tsum tau kawm. Yuav luag txhua lub xeev yuav tsum tau hais tias koj khwv tau tsawg kawg yog 150 credit teev raws li zoo. Yog li, koj CPA kev kawm yuav tsum tau yuav sib txawv nyob ntawm seb yog tias koj caum ib tug master degree mus khwv tau koj lub xeem 25 kawm ntawv qib siab credit teev los yog tsuas yog siv sij hawm ntau chav kawm nyob rau hauv koj cuv degree program.

Cov ntawv pov thawj txheej txheem nws tus kheej yuav raug nqi txog $3,000 xws li ib tug kom CPA xyuas cov hoob kawm thiab soj ntsuam cov nqi. Tom qab koj kis tau cov tub ntxhais, koj yuav tsum tau ua kom koj daim ntawv tso cai siv tau nrog kawm ntawv ntxiv khab nias txhua txhua xyoo. Cov sib txawv nyob rau hauv nqe, tab sis feem ntau raug nqi ntawm $50-$100 ib credit teev. Feem ntau cov xeev yuav tsum tau nyob ib ncig ntawm 40 credits toj ib xyoo. Tsis txhob txhawj tab sis yog. Yog hais tias koj tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm nyob ib tug pej xeem accounting ruaj, lawv yuav them rau koj ntxiv kev kawm ntawv.

Tus nqi them rau qhov muaj ib tug CA nyob rau lub teb chaws koj nyob rau hauv, koj txoj kev kawm thiab kev ua haujlwm thiab zoo li cas lub koom haum uas koj thov mus rau muab koj daim ntawv pov thawj.

Piv txwv li, yog hais tias koj ua ntawv thov rau ICAS thiab koj xaiv Pathways #1 thiab #2 (direct nkag los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv los yog tsev kawm ntawv) ces koj chaw ua hauj lwm yuav them rau cov nqi. Yog hais tias koj xaiv rau Pathway #3 (Cov Kev), cov nqi yog roughly £ 5,750 - £ 13.900. Pathway #4 (rau CIPFA neeg) nqi yog £ 1.035 rau tus Yam txawj ntse Pathway.

Rau lub tswv yim tsis txawj txaus Pathway, cov nqi yog: £ 596 rau kev cob qhia ntawv cog lus; £ 1.547 - £ 1.935 rau cov hoob kawm cov nqi; £ 292 rau qhov nqi thiab £ 495 rau ib xyoos twg ICAS / CIPFA ua tswv cuab nyiaj. Yog hais tias muaj yog kawm ntawv ntxiv thiab daim ntawv tso cai uas yuav tsum tau, lawv yuav tsum tau txiav txim los ntawm lub teb chaws nyob rau hauv uas koj ua hauj lwm.

Yog li ntawd, Uas yog zoo dua rau koj?

Yog hais tias koj yog txaus siab nyob rau hauv kev ua hauj lwm txawv teb chaws los yog nyob rau hauv ib tug multinational tuam txhab, ces koj yuav tsum xaiv rau CPA. Koj yuav kawm tau ntau ntxiv txog cov zoo tshaj plaws CPA prep kawm no. Xwb, Yog hais tias koj xav mus pib koj tus kheej tshawb xyaum nyob rau hauv Is Nrias teb, opt rau CA. Tsis tas li ntawd, lub CA kev kuaj mob yog tsawg kim li piv rau cov CPA xeem.

Tsis yog tus twg ib tug ntawm cov lawm yog zoo tshaj rau lwm. Lawv yog cov tsuas sib txawv thiab siv tau rau ntau lub hom phiaj. Koj muaj peev xwm xav tias yuav ua li qub nyiaj hli nrog rau ob qho tib si peev xwm muab hais tias qhov chaw, txoj hauj lwm txoj hauj lwm, lub tuam txhab, thiab kev ua haujlwm yog tib yam. Nws yeej los mus rau dab tsi koj xav ua thiab qhov uas koj xav mus ua hauj lwm.

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